Croatian wine production can be dated back some 2,500 years to the early Greek settlers.
Many traditional grape varieties are still used and the old ways of growing are stilled adhered to, whilst wineries have updated to modern technology, thus offering traditional wines with quality guaranteed.
There are two distinct wine-producing regions in Croatia. The continental region in the north-east of the country, produces rich fruity white wines, similar in style to the neighbouring areas of Slovenia, Austria and Hungary. On the north coast, Istrian wines are similar to those produced in neighbouring Italy, while further south production is more towards big Mediterranean-style reds.
On the islands and the Dalmatian coast, local grape varietals, microclimates and the rather harsh nature of the vineyards leads to some highly individual wines, and some of Croatia's best known.
The majority (67%) of wine produced is white and produced in the interior, while 32% is red and produced mainly along the coast. Rose is relatively rare. Some special wines, such as sparkling wine (pjenusavo vino or pjenusac) and dessert wine are also produced.